National Weather Service Raw Text Product

Displaying AFOS PIL: AFDDMX Received: 2017-11-15 05:42 UTC


803 
FXUS63 KDMX 150542
AFDDMX

Area Forecast Discussion
National Weather Service Des Moines IA
1142 PM CST Tue Nov 14 2017

.UPDATE...
Issued at 944 PM CST Tue Nov 14 2017

Visibilities remain around 1 to 3 miles across much of the area
due to drizzle and light fog. As the boundary moves into the 
state late tonight, visibilities are expected to improve. Light 
rain has developed in pockets along with the drizzle and is 
expected to become more widespread across the central and eastern 
portions of the area through midnight, with rain ending from 
northwest to southeast as the boundary moves through late tonight.
With the visibilities remaining well above 1/4 mile across the 
far northeast, the dense fog advisory was cancelled with 
visibilities expected to remain around 1 to 3 miles for the next 
few hours before improving late tonight. 

&&

.SHORT TERM.../Tonight through Wednesday/
Issued at 322 PM CST Tue Nov 14 2017

12z KOAX RAOB sampled a strong inversion/environmental mixed 
layer (EML) around 850mb with a moisture rich environment beneath 
it. Early afternoon GOES-16 Day Cloud Phase Distinction RGB showed
plenty of low clouds with some passing higher clouds over the 
state. Surface observations and Iowa DOT webcams show areas of fog
with visibilities reduced the most over far south central and 
north central Iowa early this afternoon. These clouds and fog will
remain as well as pockets of drizzle as a strong PV anomaly moves
out of the northern Rockies late this afternoon to the western 
Great Lakes by tomorrow night. At the surface, low pressure will 
move from central South Dakota to over Lake Superior tonight with 
a cold front moving across the state. This front will bring 
increased forcing with plenty of moisture persisting beneath the 
EML. The strongest omega will be within or near the top of the EML
so expect only scattered, short-lived light rain showers 
overnight.

By daybreak Wednesday, the front will be moving through eastern Iowa 
with colder and drier air advecting into the state. Clouds will 
break as the colder air erodes the inversion with mechanical mixing 
also aiding in this effort. Cross sections across central Iowa from 
the NAM, GFS, and ECMWF all show a decrease in depth of the high 
moisture. The NAM remains aggressive with high RH values greater 
than 85% below 850mb while the GFS/ECMWF have a small layer of RHs 
roughly greater than 60%. This is most true over northern Iowa and 
have left in few to scattered clouds. Otherwise, gusty winds from 
the northwest will develop behind the front and have increased winds 
several knots. High pressure will begin to ease the winds late in 
the day as it starts to arrive from the Dakotas and Nebraska.

.LONG TERM.../Wednesday night through Tuesday/
Issued at 322 PM CST Tue Nov 14 2017

./Wednesday Night through Saturday/...Confidence Medium

Main challenge will be system from Thursday through Saturday. At 
this time the models are in fairly good agreement with regard to 
most of the features...though suspect there may be a few minor 
changes moving forward.  Before the arrival of the end of week 
system...a secondary Arctic boundary will move south into northern 
Iowa Wednesday evening before retreating by Thursday morning as a 
weak ridge of high pressure slides east across the region Thursday. 
Forecast mins Thursday morning may be impacted by clouds over the 
west and may result in slightly warmer readings if mid to high level 
clouds return quickly enough prior to 12z. Otherwise a northern 
stream shortwave tracking into Manitoba by 06z Friday will pull the 
warm front northeast with time...with milder air returning to the 
region late Thursday into Friday.  Meanwhile farther west the large 
scale trough digging into the west coast will amplify somewhat as it 
progresses east with time. Clouds...strong warm air advection and 
rain showers will increase Friday. Instability also increases during 
the day over the southeast...and soundings support some elevated 
convection mainly over the far southeast during the day/evening 
hours as a sfc low tracks into the region. The models have been in 
very good consistency regarding the flow remaining generally non 
phased...or split through this event. The lack of strong cold air 
advection following the first northern stream wave will allow the 
southern stream system to track east with little northerly 
amplification into Friday night/Saturday. Even though that is 
true...the Euro and to a lesser degree the GFS bring in enough 
cold air Friday night to create a brief rain/snow mix...possibly 
changing briefly over to all snow as the system departs. At this 
time...any impacts that might occur appear to be minor. By 
Saturday afternoon both the GFS and Euro continue to show 
sufficient cold air advection to keep afternoon highs rather cold 
over the area. There is still some uncertainty as to how fast we 
will clear out in the afternoon with the Euro slightly slower. 
With that trend have kept afternoon highs closer to the lower end 
of ensemble guidance at this time. Brisk northwest winds will 
lower wind chills to the upper teens over the north by late 
afternoon...so any outdoor events will feel quite cold by late 
day. 

./Saturday Night through Tuesday/...Confidence Medium to High

Once the system exits to the east...clearing is anticipated for at 
least part of Saturday night. The past two runs of the Euro are 
already showing return clouds overnight into Sunday morning due to
upstream warm air advection processes over the Dakotas. This is 
happening despite an area of high pressure moving into the area. 
Min temps are somewhat in question...especially if the cloud cover
returns sooner. The current forecast is tilted toward the lower 
end of guidance...but may need to be raised by about 4 degrees 
most areas if clouds arrive earlier in the night on Saturday. The 
remainder of the forecast is quiet with high confidence on a 
warming trend with virtually no precipitation expected. With a 
flatter more zonal flow in store for the area Monday and 
Tuesday...a recovery in forecast temperatures is in the offing. 
Highs Monday and Tuesday given H850 temps in the single digits 
south...should recover to the mid to upper 40s south...while the 
north holds onto 30s to lower 40s for the 2 day period. The 
beginning of the Thanksgiving holiday travel period (Tuesday) at 
this time looks benign in the Central Plains as storms continue 
along the east and west coasts but ridging high pressure continues
here. 

&&

.AVIATION.../For the 06Z TAFS through 06Z Wednesday night/
Issued at 1142 PM CST Tue Nov 14 2017

Low stratus and fog/drizzle/light rain should diminish as the
boundary moves from northwest Iowa through southeast Iowa
overnight. Already seeing CIGS lifting to MVFR or even VFR at
times across the west. Winds to shift around to the west to
northwest and become gusty into Wednesday. MVFR CIGS may linger
at KALO and KMCW into Wednesday. 

&&

.DMX WATCHES/WARNINGS/ADVISORIES...NONE.

&&

$$

UPDATE...Beerends
SHORT TERM...Ansorge
LONG TERM...REV
AVIATION...Beerends