Warnings Valid at: 23 Oct 2020 04:05 AM CDT
CA
Freeze Warning (View Text) expires 11:00 AM by MFR (Visit us at https://www.)
South Central Siskiyou County, Central Siskiyou County, Western Siskiyou County, in CA
VTEC# 12 (CON)
Issued: 04:00 AM
Updated: 11:19 PM
 
OR
Freeze Warning (View Text) expires 11:00 AM by MFR (Visit us at https://www.)
Eastern Curry County and Josephine County, Jackson County, in OR
VTEC# 12 (CON)
Issued: 04:00 AM
Updated: 11:19 PM
 
AN
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by CAR ()
Coastal Waters from Eastport, ME to Schoodic Point, ME out 25 NM, Coastal Waters from Schoodic Point, ME to Stonington, ME out 25 NM, in AN
VTEC# 70 (CON)
Issued: 04:00 AM
Updated: 02:12 AM
 
OR
Frost Advisory (View Text) expires 11:00 AM by MFR (Visit us at https://www.)
Central Douglas County, in OR
VTEC# 26 (CON)
Issued: 04:00 AM
Updated: 11:19 PM
 
NV
Freeze Warning (View Text) expires 10:00 AM by REV (For more information fro)
Mineral and Southern Lyon Counties, Western Nevada Basin and Range including Pyramid Lake, Greater Reno-Carson City-Minden Area, in NV
VTEC# 2 (NEW)
Issued: 03:00 AM
Updated: 04:31 PM
 
LH
LH
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 09:00 PM by DTX (IRL)
Inner Saginaw Bay SW of Point Au Gres to Bay Port MI, in LH
VTEC# 70 (CON)
Issued: 03:00 AM
Updated: 09:01 PM
 
AN
AM
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 05:00 AM by ILM (8)
Coastal waters from Murrells Inlet to South Santee River SC out 20 nm, in AM
VTEC# 69 (EXA)
Issued: 02:41 AM
Updated: 02:41 AM
 
FL
Flood Advisory (View Text) expires 04:30 AM by MFL (AR)
Palm Beach, in FL
VTEC# 175 (NEW)
Issued: 02:30 AM
Updated: 02:30 AM
 
MD
Dense Fog Advisory (View Text) expires 09:00 AM by LWX ()
Anne Arundel, Prince Georges, Southern Baltimore, Northern Baltimore, Carroll, Frederick, Calvert, St. Marys, Charles, in MD
VTEC# 25 (NEW)
Issued: 02:26 AM
Updated: 02:26 AM
 
DC
Dense Fog Advisory (View Text) expires 09:00 AM by LWX ()
District of Columbia, in DC
VTEC# 25 (NEW)
Issued: 02:26 AM
Updated: 02:26 AM
 
FL
Rip Currents Statement (View Text) expires 02:00 AM by TAE ()
Coastal Franklin, in FL
VTEC# 89 (EXB)
Issued: 02:26 AM
Updated: 02:26 AM
 
VA
Dense Fog Advisory (View Text) expires 09:00 AM by LWX ()
Southern Fauquier, Northern Fauquier, King George, Spotsylvania, Stafford, Arlington/Falls Church/Alexandria, Fairfax, Prince William/Manassas/Manassas Park, Culpeper, Rappahannock, in VA
VTEC# 25 (NEW)
Issued: 02:26 AM
Updated: 02:26 AM
 
SC
Rip Currents Statement (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by CHS ()
Coastal Jasper, Charleston, Beaufort, Coastal Colleton, in SC
VTEC# 8 (NEW)
Issued: 02:21 AM
Updated: 02:21 AM
 
GA
Rip Currents Statement (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by CHS ()
Coastal Bryan, Coastal Chatham, Coastal Liberty, Coastal McIntosh, in GA
VTEC# 8 (NEW)
Issued: 02:21 AM
Updated: 02:21 AM
 
AN
WA
Freeze Warning (View Text) expires 11:00 AM by PDT (For more information fro)
Eastern Columbia River Gorge of Washington, Yakima Valley, Kittitas Valley, Lower Columbia Basin of Washington, Simcoe Highlands, Foothills of the Blue Mountains of Washington, in WA
VTEC# 5 (CON)
Issued: 02:00 AM
Updated: 10:40 PM
 
OR
MD
Dense Fog Advisory (View Text) expires 08:00 AM by PHI (Iovino)
Queen Anne s, Kent, Cecil, Caroline, Talbot, in MD
VTEC# 15 (NEW)
Issued: 01:54 AM
Updated: 01:54 AM
 
DE
Dense Fog Advisory (View Text) expires 08:00 AM by PHI (Iovino)
Delaware Beaches, Inland Sussex, Kent, New Castle, in DE
VTEC# 15 (NEW)
Issued: 01:54 AM
Updated: 01:54 AM
 
PA
Dense Fog Advisory (View Text) expires 08:00 AM by PHI (Iovino)
Lower Bucks, Upper Bucks, Eastern Montgomery, Western Montgomery, Eastern Chester, Western Chester, Philadelphia, Delaware, in PA
VTEC# 15 (NEW)
Issued: 01:54 AM
Updated: 01:54 AM
 
NJ
WI
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 08:45 AM by ARX (04)
Grant, in WI
VTEC# 6 (NEW)
Issued: 01:39 AM
Updated: 01:39 AM
 
MA
Dense Fog Advisory (View Text) expires 09:00 AM by BOX (For more information fro)
Western Norfolk, Southeast Middlesex, Suffolk, Eastern Norfolk, Northern Bristol, Western Plymouth, Eastern Plymouth, Southern Bristol, Southern Plymouth, Barnstable, Dukes, Central Middlesex County, Nantucket, in MA
VTEC# 21 (NEW)
Issued: 01:35 AM
Updated: 01:35 AM
 
KS
Freeze Warning (View Text) expires 10:00 AM by GLD ()
Wichita, Cheyenne, Rawlins, Decatur, Norton, Sherman, Thomas, Sheridan, Graham, Wallace, Logan, Gove, Greeley, in KS
VTEC# 4 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 AM
Updated: 03:40 AM
 
NE
Freeze Warning (View Text) expires 10:00 AM by OAX ()
Butler, Saunders, Seward, Lancaster, Saline, Jefferson, Gage, Platte, Colfax, Dodge, in NE
VTEC# 8 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 AM
Updated: 03:18 AM
 
KS
Freeze Warning (View Text) expires 10:00 AM by GID (Thies)
Phillips, Smith, Jewell, Rooks, Osborne, Mitchell, in KS
VTEC# 6 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 AM
Updated: 03:45 AM
 
NE
Freeze Warning (View Text) expires 10:00 AM by GID (Thies)
Furnas, Harlan, Franklin, Webster, Nuckolls, Thayer, Merrick, Polk, Buffalo, Hall, Hamilton, York, Gosper, Phelps, Kearney, Adams, Clay, Fillmore, in NE
VTEC# 6 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 AM
Updated: 03:45 AM
 
CO
Freeze Warning (View Text) expires 10:00 AM by GJT (For more information fro)
Debeque to Silt Corridor, in CO
VTEC# 17 (NEW)
Issued: 01:00 AM
Updated: 11:17 PM
 
UT
Freeze Warning (View Text) expires 10:00 AM by GJT (For more information fro)
Eastern Uinta Basin, in UT
VTEC# 17 (NEW)
Issued: 01:00 AM
Updated: 11:17 PM
 
LM
NE
Freeze Warning (View Text) expires 10:00 AM by GLD ()
Dundy, Hitchcock, Red Willow, in NE
VTEC# 4 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 AM
Updated: 03:40 AM
 
LA
Coastal Flood Advisory (View Text) expires 12:00 PM by LIX (24/RR)
Lower Lafourche, Orleans, Lower Jefferson, Lower Plaquemines, Lower St. Bernard, Upper St. Bernard, St. Tammany, in LA
VTEC# 15 (CON)
Issued: 12:00 AM
Updated: 03:30 AM
 
MS
Coastal Flood Advisory (View Text) expires 12:00 PM by LIX (24/RR)
Hancock, in MS
VTEC# 15 (CON)
Issued: 12:00 AM
Updated: 03:30 AM
 
PZ
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 11:00 PM by MTR ()
Waters from Pt. Arena to Pigeon Pt. CA from 10 to 60 nm, in PZ
VTEC# 202 (EXB)
Issued: 11:45 PM
Updated: 11:45 PM
 
PZ
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 05:00 AM by MTR ()
Coastal Waters from Point Arena to Point Reyes California out to 10 nm, in PZ
VTEC# 202 (EXB)
Issued: 11:45 PM
Updated: 11:45 PM
 
IA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 08:45 AM by ARX (JAM)
Fayette, Clayton, in IA
VTEC# 5 (NEW)
Issued: 11:43 PM
Updated: 11:43 PM
 
WI
Flash Flood Warning (View Text) expires 05:00 AM by MKX (GEHRING)
Dane, Columbia, Sauk, Iowa, in WI
VTEC# 11 (CON)
Issued: 11:01 PM
Updated: 01:46 AM
 
PZ
Hazardous Seas Warning (View Text) expires 05:00 AM by EKA ()
Coastal waters from Pt. St. George to Cape Mendocino CA out 10 nm, in PZ
VTEC# 22 (NEW)
Issued: 11:00 PM
Updated: 10:55 PM
 
MI
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 04:00 PM by APX (mrunyan)
Emmet, Otsego, Leelanau, Kalkaska, Grand Traverse, Montmorency, Crawford, Cheboygan, Charlevoix, Manistee, Antrim, Benzie, Wexford, in MI
VTEC# 11 (CON)
Issued: 10:35 PM
Updated: 03:36 AM
 
WI
Flood Advisory (View Text) expires 05:30 AM by MKX (CMILLER)
Sauk, Columbia, Iowa, Dane, in WI
VTEC# 51 (NEW)
Issued: 10:02 PM
Updated: 10:02 PM
 
AN
WI
Flood Advisory (View Text) expires 06:15 AM by GRB (Kurimski)
Manitowoc, Outagamie, Brown, Waushara, Kewaunee, Calumet, Winnebago, in WI
VTEC# 30 (EXT)
Issued: 09:16 PM
Updated: 03:00 AM
 
WI
Flood Advisory (View Text) expires 05:30 AM by MKX (GEHRING)
Columbia, Sauk, in WI
VTEC# 50 (CON)
Issued: 08:38 PM
Updated: 01:56 AM
 
LM
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 10:00 AM by GRR ()
St Joseph to South Haven MI, South Haven to Holland MI, Pentwater to Manistee MI, Whitehall to Pentwater MI, Grand Haven to Whitehall MI, Holland to Grand Haven MI, in LM
VTEC# 83 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 PM
Updated: 03:30 AM
 
LM
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 03:00 PM by LOT (MTF)
Burns Harbor to Michigan City IN, Gary to Burns Harbor IN, Calumet Harbor IL to Gary IN, in LM
VTEC# 94 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 PM
Updated: 03:28 AM
 
LM
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 10:00 AM by IWX ()
Michigan City IN to New Buffalo MI, New Buffalo MI to St Joseph MI, in LM
VTEC# 76 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 PM
Updated: 09:00 PM
 
FL
Coastal Flood Statement (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by MFL ()
Coastal Miami Dade County, Coastal Broward County, Coastal Palm Beach County, in FL
VTEC# 12 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 PM
Updated: 08:04 PM
 
TX
Coastal Flood Advisory (View Text) expires 05:00 AM by BRO ()
Coastal Willacy, Coastal Cameron, in TX
VTEC# 16 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 PM
Updated: 07:00 PM
 
AN
AN
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 05:00 PM by AKQ ()
Chesapeake Bay from Little Creek VA to Cape Henry VA including the Chesapeake Bay Bridge Tunnel, in AN
VTEC# 99 (CON)
Issued: 05:57 PM
Updated: 02:58 AM
 
LS
FL
High Surf Advisory (View Text) expires 03:00 AM by MLB ()
Coastal Volusia County, Martin, St. Lucie, Indian River, Southern Brevard County, Northern Brevard County, in FL
VTEC# 7 (CON)
Issued: 05:00 PM
Updated: 02:23 AM
 
LS
FL
Coastal Flood Statement (View Text) expires 09:00 AM by KEY ()
Monroe Lower Keys, Monroe Middle Keys, in FL
VTEC# 18 (CON)
Issued: 04:48 PM
Updated: 08:51 PM
 
LS
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by DLH (JTS)
Taconite Harbor to Silver Bay Harbor MN, Grand Portage to Grand Marais MN, Grand Marais to Taconite Harbor MN, in LS
VTEC# 82 (CON)
Issued: 04:00 PM
Updated: 09:54 PM
 
WI
Lakeshore Flood Advisory (View Text) expires 10:00 AM by GRB (Kieckbusch)
Southern Marinette County, Brown, Southern Oconto County, in WI
VTEC# 13 (EXT)
Issued: 04:00 PM
Updated: 03:32 AM
 
MI
Lakeshore Flood Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by MQT (JAW)
Menominee, in MI
VTEC# 22 (EXT)
Issued: 04:00 PM
Updated: 02:59 AM
 
LS
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 04:00 PM by DLH (JTS)
Oak Point to Saxon Harbor WI, in LS
VTEC# 82 (CON)
Issued: 03:00 PM
Updated: 09:54 PM
 
AM
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 05:00 AM by CHS ()
Coastal waters from South Santee River to Edisto Beach SC out 20 nm, in AM
VTEC# 67 (CON)
Issued: 02:48 PM
Updated: 02:20 AM
 
AM
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 09:00 PM by JAX ()
Coastal waters from Fernandina Beach to St. Augustine FL out 20 NM, Coastal waters from St. Augustine to Flagler Beach FL out 20 NM, in AM
VTEC# 50 (EXT)
Issued: 02:20 PM
Updated: 12:54 AM
 
LM
MI
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 03:00 PM by MQT (RJC)
Marquette, Baraga, in MI
VTEC# 19 (CON)
Issued: 11:00 AM
Updated: 03:28 AM
 
LM
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by GRB (Hykin)
Rock Island Passage to Sturgeon Bay WI, Two Rivers to Sheboygan WI, Sturgeon Bay to Two Rivers WI, in LM
VTEC# 85 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 PM
Updated: 01:09 AM
 
LS
AM
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 05:00 AM by ILM (8)
Coastal waters from Cape Fear NC to Little River Inlet SC out 20 nm, Coastal waters from Surf City to Cape Fear NC out 20 nm, in AM
VTEC# 69 (CON)
Issued: 11:00 AM
Updated: 02:41 AM
 
FL
Rip Currents Statement (View Text) expires 02:00 AM by TAE ()
South Walton, in FL
VTEC# 89 (EXT)
Issued: 10:36 AM
Updated: 02:26 AM
 
AN
AN
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 05:00 AM by OKX (For more information fro)
Sandy Hook NJ to Fire Island Inlet NY out 20 nm, Moriches Inlet NY to Montauk Point NY out 20 nm, Fire Island Inlet NY to Moriches Inlet NY out 20 nm, in AN
VTEC# 96 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 AM
Updated: 02:55 AM
 
AN
LM
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 AM by MKX ()
Port Washington to North Point Light WI, North Point Light to Wind Point WI, Wind Point WI to Winthrop Harbor IL, Sheboygan to Port Washington WI, in LM
VTEC# 94 (EXT)
Issued: 07:00 AM
Updated: 01:20 AM
 
IL
Flood Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 AM by LOT (Friedlein)
Will, DuPage, in IL
VTEC# 111 (EXT)
Issued: 06:35 AM
Updated: 06:57 PM
 
CA
Red Flag Warning (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by EKA (http://weather.gov/eurek)
North Coast, Lake County Portion of Lake-Nappa-Sonoma RU, Upper Smith, Lower Middle Klamath, Hupa, Van Duzen/Mad River, Interior Mendocino, W Mendocino NF/E Mendocino Unit, Trinity, in CA
VTEC# 16 (CON)
Issued: 05:00 AM
Updated: 11:56 PM
 
CA
Red Flag Warning (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by MFR (Visit us at www.weather.)
Western Klamath National Forest, in CA
VTEC# 32 (CON)
Issued: 05:00 AM
Updated: 04:13 PM
 
OR
Red Flag Warning (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by MFR (Visit us at www.weather.)
Siskiyou Mountains, in OR
VTEC# 32 (CON)
Issued: 05:00 AM
Updated: 04:13 PM
 
LM
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 09:00 AM by LOT (RC)
Northerly Island to Calumet Harbor IL, Winthrop Harbor to Wilmette Harbor IL, Wilmette Harbor to Northerly Island IL, in LM
VTEC# 93 (CON)
Issued: 04:00 AM
Updated: 03:28 AM
 
AM
AN
GA
Rip Currents Statement (View Text) expires 04:00 AM by JAX ()
Coastal Glynn, Coastal Camden, in GA
VTEC# 30 (EXT)
Issued: 01:42 AM
Updated: 12:49 AM
 
AM
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by MHX ()
Coastal waters from Cape Lookout to Surf City NC out 20 nm, Coastal waters from Ocracoke Inlet to Cape Lookout NC out 20 nm, in AM
VTEC# 85 (EXT)
Issued: 01:00 AM
Updated: 02:39 AM
 
CA
Red Flag Warning (View Text) expires 10:00 AM by MTR ()
East Bay Hills and the Diablo Range, East Bay Interior Valleys, North Bay Mountains, in CA
VTEC# 10 (CON)
Issued: 12:00 AM
Updated: 11:43 PM
 
PZ
Gale Warning (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by MFR (Visit us at https://www.)
Waters from Cape Blanco OR to Pt. St. George CA from 10 to 60 nm, Coastal waters from Cape Blanco OR to Pt. St. George CA out 10 nm, in PZ
VTEC# 23 (CON)
Issued: 04:00 PM
Updated: 04:31 PM
 
CA
FL
Coastal Flood Advisory (View Text) expires 09:00 AM by KEY ()
Monroe Upper Keys, Upper Keys in Monroe, in FL
VTEC# 5 (EXT)
Issued: 07:56 AM
Updated: 08:51 PM
 
PZ
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by MFR (Visit us at https://www.)
Coastal waters from Florence to Cape Blanco OR out 10 nm, Waters from Florence to Cape Blanco OR from 10 to 60 nm, in PZ
VTEC# 92 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 AM
Updated: 04:31 PM
 
PZ
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 11:00 AM by MTR ()
Waters from Pigeon Pt. to Pt. Piedras Blancas CA from 10 to 60 nm, in PZ
VTEC# 202 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 AM
Updated: 11:45 PM
 
PZ
Gale Warning (View Text) expires 12:00 PM by EKA ()
Waters from Pt. St. George to Cape Mendocino CA from 10 to 60 nm, Waters from Cape Mendocino to Pt. Arena CA from 10 to 60 nm, in PZ
VTEC# 24 (CON)
Issued: 05:00 PM
Updated: 10:55 PM
 
AM
AM
AM
AM
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 03:00 PM by MLB ()
Flagler Beach to Volusia-Brevard County Line 0-20 NM, in AM
VTEC# 48 (EXT)
Issued: 07:00 PM
Updated: 02:59 AM
 
AM
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 03:00 PM by MLB ()
Volusia-Brevard County Line to Sebastian Inlet 0-20 nm, in AM
VTEC# 49 (EXT)
Issued: 07:54 AM
Updated: 02:59 AM
 
PZ
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 05:00 AM by EKA ()
Coastal waters from Cape Mendocino to Pt. Arena CA out 10 nm, in PZ
VTEC# 83 (CON)
Issued: 05:09 PM
Updated: 10:55 PM
 
AM
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 03:00 PM by MLB ()
Sebastian Inlet to Jupiter Inlet 0-20 nm, in AM
VTEC# 47 (EXT)
Issued: 08:36 PM
Updated: 02:59 AM
 
AM
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 04:00 AM by MLB ()
Sebastian Inlet to Jupiter Inlet 20-60 nm, Flagler Beach to Volusia-Brevard County Line 20-60 nm, Volusia-Brevard County Line to Sebastian Inlet 20-60 nm, in AM
VTEC# 47 (EXT)
Issued: 03:00 PM
Updated: 02:59 AM
 
FL
Rip Currents Statement (View Text) expires 04:00 AM by MLB (Rodriguez)
Indian River, Martin, Northern Brevard County, Southern Brevard County, St. Lucie, Coastal Volusia County, in FL
VTEC# 39 (EXT)
Issued: 06:00 AM
Updated: 02:23 AM
 
FL
Rip Currents Statement (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by MFL (Baxter)
Coastal Broward County, Coastal Miami Dade County, Coastal Palm Beach County, in FL
VTEC# 49 (CON)
Issued: 02:31 AM
Updated: 08:04 PM
 
AM
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 05:00 AM by CHS ()
Waters from Savannah GA to Altamaha Sound GA extending from 20 to 60 nm, in AM
VTEC# 67 (EXT)
Issued: 09:00 PM
Updated: 02:20 AM
 
SC
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by CHS ()
Georgetown, Berkeley, Williamsburg, in SC
VTEC# 41 (EXT)
Issued: 07:00 AM
Updated: 08:23 PM
 
PZ
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by MFR (Visit us at https://www.)
Coastal waters from Cape Blanco OR to Pt. St. George CA out 10 nm, Waters from Cape Blanco OR to Pt. St. George CA from 10 to 60 nm, in PZ
VTEC# 89 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 AM
Updated: 04:31 PM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 09:48 PM by LCH (87)
Vermilion, Acadia, Jefferson Davis, in LA
VTEC# 86 (CON)
Issued: 11:57 PM
Updated: 09:48 PM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by LCH (87)
Calcasieu, in LA
VTEC# 84 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 AM
Updated: 09:48 PM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 09:48 PM by LCH ()
Calcasieu, in LA
VTEC# 73 (CON)
Issued: 02:14 PM
Updated: 09:48 PM
 
FL
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 09:01 AM by MLB (TES)
Lake, Volusia, in FL
VTEC# 1 (CON)
Issued: 08:28 AM
Updated: 09:01 AM
 
Download GIS shapefile of current warnings and/or GeoTiff of NEXRAD base reflectivity.

Notes:

  • This application is educational grade and should not be used operationally.
  • Flash Flood Warnings (FFW) do not have VTEC IDs, so those columns are blank for FFWs.
  • The status column is simply the status of the warning. The warning is in 'NEW' state until a SVS is issued, then it goes to 'CON' for continued.
  • Warnings identified by WFO are available after 29 Aug 2004.
  • NEXRAD composite is available since 1 Aug 2003.
  • Prior to the NWS adoption of VTEC, warnings were not expired nor canceled.
  • SVS updates were added in 2005.
  • LSR archive begins 1 Jan 2004.
  • Archive of watches begins 1 Jan 1997.