Warnings Valid at: 30 Sep 2020 06:18 PM CDT
AN
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 06:00 AM by AKQ ()
Chesapeake Bay from Smith Point to Windmill Point VA, in AN
VTEC# 89 (NEW)
Issued: 06:00 PM
Updated: 02:54 PM
 
PZ
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 AM by MTR ()
Coastal Waters from Point Arena to Point Reyes California out to 10 nm, in PZ
VTEC# 191 (CON)
Issued: 06:00 PM
Updated: 04:01 PM
 
LE
Marine Warning (View Text) expires 07:15 PM by BUF (Welch)
Dunkirk to Buffalo NY, Ripley to Buffalo NY extending from 5NM off shoreline to US-Canadian border, Ripley to Dunkirk NY, in LE
VTEC# 112 (NEW)
Issued: 05:51 PM
Updated: 05:51 PM
 
FL
Flood Advisory (View Text) expires 08:45 PM by KEY (SDR)
Middle Keys in Monroe, Mainland Monroe, Upper Keys in Monroe, Lower Keys in Monroe, in FL
VTEC# 20 (NEW)
Issued: 05:46 PM
Updated: 05:46 PM
 
PR
Flood Advisory (View Text) expires 06:45 PM by JSJ (CAM)
San German, Cabo Rojo, in PR
VTEC# 257 (NEW)
Issued: 05:45 PM
Updated: 05:45 PM
 
LH
LH
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 05:00 AM by APX ()
5NM East of Mackinac Bridge to Presque Isle Light MI including Bois Blanc Island, in LH
VTEC# 91 (CON)
Issued: 05:00 PM
Updated: 03:44 PM
 
PZ
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 05:00 AM by LOX ()
Point Piedras Blancas to Point Sal from 10 to 60 NM out, in PZ
VTEC# 116 (CON)
Issued: 05:00 PM
Updated: 04:29 PM
 
SD
Red Flag Warning (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by FSD ()
Middle James River Valley, in SD
VTEC# 4 (EXA)
Issued: 04:23 PM
Updated: 04:23 PM
 
PZ
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 11:00 PM by MTR ()
Coastal Waters from Pigeon Point to Point Pinos California out to 10 nm, in PZ
VTEC# 191 (CON)
Issued: 04:00 PM
Updated: 04:01 PM
 
AK
Wind Advisory (View Text) expires 09:00 PM by AFG ()
Upper Kuskokwim Valley, in AK
VTEC# 18 (EXT)
Issued: 04:00 PM
Updated: 05:42 PM
 
CA
Excessive Heat Warning (View Text) expires 10:00 PM by SGX (For more information fro)
San Diego County Valleys, San Bernardino and Riverside County Valleys -The Inland Empire, in CA
VTEC# 10 (NEW)
Issued: 03:30 PM
Updated: 03:30 PM
 
CA
Excessive Heat Warning (View Text) expires 10:00 PM by LOX ()
Ventura County Interior Valleys, Los Angeles County San Fernando Valley, Los Angeles County San Gabriel Valley, Ventura County Coastal Valleys, in CA
VTEC# 5 (NEW)
Issued: 03:22 PM
Updated: 03:22 PM
 
LS
LM
AN
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 05:00 AM by GYX ()
Penobscot Bay, Casco Bay, in AN
VTEC# 79 (NEW)
Issued: 02:32 PM
Updated: 02:32 PM
 
AN
NC
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 03:19 PM by RAH (Luchetti)
Johnston, in NC
VTEC# 50 (NEW)
Issued: 02:20 PM
Updated: 02:01 PM
 
SL
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 AM by BUF ()
St. Lawrence River from Ogdensburg to St. Regis NY, St. Lawrence River above Ogdensburg NY, in SL
VTEC# 92 (EXB)
Issued: 02:03 PM
Updated: 02:03 PM
 
NE
Red Flag Warning (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by GID ()
Sherman, Merrick, Dawson, Buffalo, Hall, Gosper, Phelps, Kearney, Adams, Furnas, Harlan, Franklin, Valley, Greeley, Nance, Howard, in NE
VTEC# 14 (NEW)
Issued: 02:00 PM
Updated: 10:21 AM
 
IA
Red Flag Warning (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by FSD ()
Ida, Woodbury, Buena Vista, Cherokee, Plymouth, Sioux, in IA
VTEC# 4 (CON)
Issued: 02:00 PM
Updated: 04:23 PM
 
SD
Red Flag Warning (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by FSD ()
Lower James River To Lower Big Sioux River Valley, in SD
VTEC# 4 (CON)
Issued: 02:00 PM
Updated: 04:23 PM
 
NE
Red Flag Warning (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by FSD ()
Extreme Northeast Nebraska, in NE
VTEC# 4 (CON)
Issued: 02:00 PM
Updated: 04:23 PM
 
LS
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 11:00 AM by APX ()
St. Marys River Point Iroquois to E. Potagannissing Bay, in LS
VTEC# 91 (CON)
Issued: 02:00 PM
Updated: 03:44 PM
 
LS
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 11:00 AM by APX ()
Whitefish Bay (U.S. Portion)/Whitefish Point to Point Iroquois MI, in LS
VTEC# 92 (CON)
Issued: 02:00 PM
Updated: 03:44 PM
 
KS
Red Flag Warning (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by GID ()
Phillips, Rooks, in KS
VTEC# 14 (NEW)
Issued: 02:00 PM
Updated: 10:21 AM
 
AN
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 04:00 PM by CAR (VJN)
Coastal Waters from Eastport, ME to Schoodic Point, ME out 25 NM, Coastal Waters from Schoodic Point, ME to Stonington, ME out 25 NM, in AN
VTEC# 63 (NEW)
Issued: 01:47 PM
Updated: 01:47 PM
 
AN
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 04:00 AM by CAR (VJN)
Intra Coastal Waters from Schoodic Point, ME to Stonington, ME, in AN
VTEC# 63 (NEW)
Issued: 01:47 PM
Updated: 01:47 PM
 
SD
Wind Advisory (View Text) expires 08:00 PM by FSD (For more information fro)
Turner, Yankton, Union, Minnehaha, Hutchinson, Lincoln, Bon Homme, Clay, McCook, Moody, in SD
VTEC# 17 (EXA)
Issued: 01:03 PM
Updated: 01:03 PM
 
IA
Wind Advisory (View Text) expires 08:00 PM by FSD (For more information fro)
Osceola, Dickinson, Sioux, O Brien, Clay, Plymouth, Cherokee, Woodbury, Ida, Lyon, Buena Vista, in IA
VTEC# 17 (EXA)
Issued: 01:03 PM
Updated: 01:03 PM
 
NE
Wind Advisory (View Text) expires 08:00 PM by FSD (For more information fro)
Dakota, Dixon, in NE
VTEC# 17 (EXA)
Issued: 01:03 PM
Updated: 01:03 PM
 
MN
Wind Advisory (View Text) expires 08:00 PM by FSD (For more information fro)
Nobles, Jackson, Pipestone, Rock, in MN
VTEC# 17 (EXA)
Issued: 01:03 PM
Updated: 01:03 PM
 
LE
AN
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 03:00 AM by BOX ()
Cape Cod Bay, Nantucket Sound, in AN
VTEC# 110 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 PM
Updated: 04:57 PM
 
CA
CA
AK
Wind Advisory (View Text) expires 03:00 AM by AFG ()
Upper Koyukuk Valley, in AK
VTEC# 17 (EXT)
Issued: 01:00 PM
Updated: 05:37 PM
 
LS
AN
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 09:00 PM by BOX ()
Coastal waters from Provincetown MA to Chatham MA to Nantucket MA out 20 nm, in AN
VTEC# 110 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 PM
Updated: 04:57 PM
 
SD
Red Flag Warning (View Text) expires 08:00 PM by ABR (Parkin)
Upper Cheyenne, Lower Bad River, in SD
VTEC# 9 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 PM
Updated: 11:32 AM
 
AN
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 11:00 AM by BOX ()
Coastal waters east of Ipswich Bay and the Stellwagen Bank National Marine Sanctuary, in AN
VTEC# 110 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 PM
Updated: 04:57 PM
 
AN
LE
Gale Warning (View Text) expires 09:00 PM by BUF ()
Dunkirk to Buffalo NY, Ripley to Dunkirk NY, in LE
VTEC# 10 (CON)
Issued: 12:27 PM
Updated: 02:03 PM
 
LO
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by BUF ()
Lower Niagara River, in LO
VTEC# 92 (EXT)
Issued: 12:27 PM
Updated: 02:03 PM
 
AN
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 06:00 AM by BOX ()
Buzzards Bay, Vineyard Sound, in AN
VTEC# 110 (CON)
Issued: 11:01 AM
Updated: 04:57 PM
 
AN
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by BOX ()
Block Island Sound, Rhode Island Sound, in AN
VTEC# 110 (CON)
Issued: 11:01 AM
Updated: 04:57 PM
 
AN
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by BOX ()
Massachusetts Bay and Ipswich Bay, in AN
VTEC# 110 (CON)
Issued: 11:01 AM
Updated: 04:57 PM
 
LO
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 04:00 PM by BUF ()
Hamlin Beach to Sodus Bay NY, Sodus Bay to Mexico Bay NY, in LO
VTEC# 92 (CON)
Issued: 11:00 AM
Updated: 02:03 PM
 
LS
FL
Beach Hazard Statement (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by MLB (TES)
Southern Brevard County, Martin, Indian River, St. Lucie, Coastal Volusia County, Northern Brevard County, in FL
VTEC# 28 (NEW)
Issued: 10:13 AM
Updated: 10:13 AM
 
SD
ND
Wind Advisory (View Text) expires 08:00 PM by FGF (dtr)
Sargent, Towner, Cavalier, Benson, Western Walsh County, Steele, Ramsey, Eddy, Nelson, Griggs, Barnes, Ransom, in ND
VTEC# 15 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 AM
Updated: 02:42 PM
 
SD
Wind Advisory (View Text) expires 08:00 PM by FSD (For more information fro)
Beadle, Douglas, Kingsbury, Lake, Davison, Hanson, Charles Mix, Brookings, Gregory, Jerauld, Sanborn, Miner, Brule, Aurora, in SD
VTEC# 17 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 AM
Updated: 01:03 PM
 
SD
Wind Advisory (View Text) expires 08:00 PM by ABR (Dorn)
Corson, Campbell, McPherson, Brown, Marshall, Roberts, Walworth, Edmunds, Day, Dewey, Potter, Faulk, Spink, Clark, Codington, Grant, Hamlin, Deuel, Stanley, Sully, Hughes, Hyde, Hand, Jones, Lyman, Buffalo, in SD
VTEC# 16 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 AM
Updated: 11:25 AM
 
LM
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 10:00 PM by MKX (DDV)
Sheboygan to Port Washington WI, North Point Light to Wind Point WI, Port Washington to North Point Light WI, Wind Point WI to Winthrop Harbor IL, in LM
VTEC# 81 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 AM
Updated: 02:36 PM
 
LS
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by DLH ()
Chequamegon Bay-Bayfield to Oak Point WI, Oak Point to Saxon Harbor WI, Port Wing to Sand Island WI, Sand Island to Bayfield WI, in LS
VTEC# 66 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 AM
Updated: 03:31 PM
 
ND
Wind Advisory (View Text) expires 08:00 PM by BIS (ZH)
Divide, Burke, Renville, Bottineau, Mountrail, Ward, McHenry, Mercer, Oliver, McLean, Foster, Golden Valley, Billings, Stark, Morton, Burleigh, Hettinger, Sioux, Emmons, Logan, La Moure, McIntosh, Dickey, Rolette, Williams, Pierce, McKenzie, Dunn, Sheridan, Wells, Kidder, Stutsman, Slope, Grant, Bowman, Adams, in ND
VTEC# 30 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 AM
Updated: 12:48 PM
 
LM
LM
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 04:00 AM by LOT (Kluber)
Calumet Harbor IL to Gary IN, Gary to Burns Harbor IN, in LM
VTEC# 78 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 AM
Updated: 03:08 PM
 
MT
Lake Wind Advisory (View Text) expires 09:00 PM by GGW ()
Central and Southeast Phillips, McCone, Central and Southern Valley, Petroleum, Garfield, in MT
VTEC# 36 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 AM
Updated: 04:15 PM
 
NY
Beach Hazard Statement (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by BUF (JLA)
Jefferson, Northern Cayuga, Oswego, in NY
VTEC# 23 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 AM
Updated: 12:40 PM
 
LM
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 04:00 PM by LOT (Kluber)
Burns Harbor to Michigan City IN, in LM
VTEC# 78 (EXT)
Issued: 10:00 AM
Updated: 03:08 PM
 
LM
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 10:00 PM by LOT (Kluber)
Winthrop Harbor to Wilmette Harbor IL, Wilmette Harbor to Northerly Island IL, Northerly Island to Calumet Harbor IL, in LM
VTEC# 78 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 AM
Updated: 03:08 PM
 
AK
Wind Advisory (View Text) expires 04:00 PM by AFG ()
Deltana and Tanana Flats, in AK
VTEC# 17 (EXT)
Issued: 09:27 AM
Updated: 05:37 PM
 
LO
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 10:00 PM by BUF ()
Mexico Bay NY to the St. Lawrence River, in LO
VTEC# 92 (CON)
Issued: 09:00 AM
Updated: 02:03 PM
 
LO
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 10:00 PM by BUF ()
Niagara River to Hamlin Beach NY, in LO
VTEC# 92 (CON)
Issued: 09:00 AM
Updated: 02:03 PM
 
LE
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 09:00 PM by BUF ()
Upper Niagara River and Buffalo Harbor, in LE
VTEC# 92 (EXT)
Issued: 09:00 AM
Updated: 02:03 PM
 
NY
Beach Hazard Statement (View Text) expires 10:00 AM by BUF (JLA)
Northern Erie, Southern Erie, Chautauqua, in NY
VTEC# 23 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 AM
Updated: 12:40 PM
 
PZ
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 02:00 AM by MTR ()
Coastal Waters from Point Pinos to Point Piedras Blancas California out to 10 nm, in PZ
VTEC# 191 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 AM
Updated: 04:01 PM
 
FL
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 10:08 AM by TBW (TBW)
DeSoto, in FL
VTEC# 15 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 AM
Updated: 10:08 AM
 
AN
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 05:00 PM by OKX (For more information fro)
Moriches Inlet NY to Montauk Point NY out 20 nm, Fire Island Inlet NY to Moriches Inlet NY out 20 nm, in AN
VTEC# 85 (CON)
Issued: 06:52 AM
Updated: 04:26 PM
 
FL
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 03:01 AM by TBW (TBW)
Hardee, in FL
VTEC# 13 (EXT)
Issued: 06:08 AM
Updated: 10:07 AM
 
LH
LE
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 09:00 PM by DTX ()
Michigan Waters of Lake Erie from Detroit River to North Cape MI, in LE
VTEC# 59 (CON)
Issued: 06:00 AM
Updated: 08:50 AM
 
LC
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 09:00 PM by DTX ()
Lake St. Clair Open Lake (U.S. Portion), in LC
VTEC# 59 (CON)
Issued: 06:00 AM
Updated: 08:50 AM
 
MI
Lakeshore Flood Warning (View Text) expires 09:00 PM by DTX ()
St. Clair, in MI
VTEC# 16 (CON)
Issued: 06:00 AM
Updated: 03:33 PM
 
PA
Beach Hazard Statement (View Text) expires 04:00 PM by CLE ()
Northern Erie, in PA
VTEC# 22 (CON)
Issued: 05:00 AM
Updated: 02:57 PM
 
LE
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 09:00 PM by CLE (For more information fro)
Maumee Bay to Reno Beach OH, Reno Beach to The Islands OH, in LE
VTEC# 73 (CON)
Issued: 05:00 AM
Updated: 03:00 PM
 
OH
Beach Hazard Statement (View Text) expires 04:00 PM by CLE ()
Ashtabula Lakeshore, Cuyahoga, Lake, Lorain, in OH
VTEC# 22 (CON)
Issued: 05:00 AM
Updated: 02:57 PM
 
AN
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 11:00 AM by OKX (For more information fro)
Sandy Hook NJ to Fire Island Inlet NY out 20 nm, in AN
VTEC# 85 (CON)
Issued: 04:48 AM
Updated: 04:26 PM
 
FL
Rip Currents Statement (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by TBW (https://www.weather.gov/)
Coastal Hillsborough, Coastal Lee, Coastal Charlotte, Coastal Sarasota, Coastal Manatee, Pinellas, in FL
VTEC# 26 (NEW)
Issued: 03:00 AM
Updated: 01:37 PM
 
LM
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 11:00 PM by APX ()
Grand Traverse Bay south of a line Grand Traverse Light to Norwood MI, in LM
VTEC# 92 (CON)
Issued: 02:56 AM
Updated: 03:44 PM
 
PZ
LM
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by IWX ()
Michigan City IN to New Buffalo MI, New Buffalo MI to St Joseph MI, in LM
VTEC# 66 (EXT)
Issued: 07:00 PM
Updated: 02:58 PM
 
AN
FL
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 04:00 AM by TBW (TBW)
Hillsborough, in FL
VTEC# 17 (EXT)
Issued: 05:21 PM
Updated: 10:09 AM
 
AN
CA
Heat Advisory (View Text) expires 10:00 PM by SGX (Maxwell)
San Diego County Coastal Areas, in CA
VTEC# 8 (CON)
Issued: 12:00 PM
Updated: 03:30 PM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by LCH ()
Rapides, Allen, in LA
VTEC# 74 (EXT)
Issued: 07:00 AM
Updated: 10:52 AM
 
FL
Coastal Flood Statement (View Text) expires 01:00 AM by MFL (Baxter)
Coastal Broward County, Coastal Palm Beach County, Coastal Miami Dade County, in FL
VTEC# 9 (CON)
Issued: 02:39 AM
Updated: 08:08 AM
 
LM
SC
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by ILM (HDL)
Horry, Marion, in SC
VTEC# 69 (EXT)
Issued: 07:00 PM
Updated: 09:45 AM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 10:48 AM by LCH ()
Calcasieu, in LA
VTEC# 73 (CON)
Issued: 02:14 PM
Updated: 10:48 AM
 
LM
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 11:00 PM by GRR ()
St Joseph to South Haven MI, Holland to Grand Haven MI, Whitehall to Pentwater MI, Pentwater to Manistee MI, Grand Haven to Whitehall MI, South Haven to Holland MI, in LM
VTEC# 73 (CON)
Issued: 12:00 PM
Updated: 05:39 PM
 
SC
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 10:00 AM by ILM (HDL)
Marion, Florence, in SC
VTEC# 68 (EXT)
Issued: 01:00 AM
Updated: 09:45 AM
 
GA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by CHS ()
Bulloch, Bryan, Chatham, Effingham, in GA
VTEC# 40 (CON)
Issued: 10:33 PM
Updated: 09:38 AM
 
IN
Beach Hazard Statement (View Text) expires 10:00 PM by IWX ()
La Porte, in IN
VTEC# 23 (CON)
Issued: 05:00 PM
Updated: 03:00 PM
 
MI
Beach Hazard Statement (View Text) expires 10:00 PM by IWX ()
Berrien, in MI
VTEC# 23 (CON)
Issued: 05:00 PM
Updated: 03:00 PM
 
GA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by JAX (JAX)
Toombs, Tattnall, Appling, Wayne, in GA
VTEC# 30 (CON)
Issued: 11:00 AM
Updated: 08:52 AM
 
NC
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 09:45 AM by ILM (HDL)
Robeson, in NC
VTEC# 67 (CON)
Issued: 08:09 AM
Updated: 09:45 AM
 
SC
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 09:45 AM by ILM (HDL)
Darlington, Florence, in SC
VTEC# 66 (EXT)
Issued: 07:00 AM
Updated: 09:45 AM
 
GA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 09:38 AM by CHS ()
Screven, Effingham, in GA
VTEC# 39 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 AM
Updated: 09:38 AM
 
SC
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 09:38 AM by CHS ()
Hampton, Jasper, in SC
VTEC# 39 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 AM
Updated: 09:38 AM
 
TX
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by LCH (Warthen)
Orange, Newton, in TX
VTEC# 69 (EXT)
Issued: 01:00 AM
Updated: 10:43 AM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by LCH (Warthen)
Beauregard, Calcasieu, in LA
VTEC# 69 (EXT)
Issued: 01:00 AM
Updated: 10:43 AM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 10:46 AM by LCH (Warthen)
Rapides, in LA
VTEC# 70 (CON)
Issued: 08:15 PM
Updated: 10:46 AM
 
SC
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 10:00 PM by CHS ()
Dorchester, Charleston, Colleton, in SC
VTEC# 38 (EXT)
Issued: 07:00 PM
Updated: 11:11 AM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by SHV (08)
Webster, in LA
VTEC# 145 (EXT)
Issued: 07:00 PM
Updated: 08:56 AM
 
AR
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by SHV (08)
Columbia, in AR
VTEC# 145 (EXT)
Issued: 07:00 PM
Updated: 08:56 AM
 
FL
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 10:14 AM by MLB (TES)
Lake, Volusia, in FL
VTEC# 1 (CON)
Issued: 08:28 AM
Updated: 10:14 AM
 
Download GIS shapefile of current warnings and/or GeoTiff of NEXRAD base reflectivity.

Notes:

  • This application is educational grade and should not be used operationally.
  • Flash Flood Warnings (FFW) do not have VTEC IDs, so those columns are blank for FFWs.
  • The status column is simply the status of the warning. The warning is in 'NEW' state until a SVS is issued, then it goes to 'CON' for continued.
  • Warnings identified by WFO are available after 29 Aug 2004.
  • NEXRAD composite is available since 1 Aug 2003.
  • Prior to the NWS adoption of VTEC, warnings were not expired nor canceled.
  • SVS updates were added in 2005.
  • LSR archive begins 1 Jan 2004.
  • Archive of watches begins 1 Jan 1997.