Warnings Valid at: 19 Apr 2021 11:59 PM CDT
GM
Marine Warning (View Text) expires 01:00 AM by KEY (Jacobson)
Florida Bay including Blackwater and Buttonwood Sounds, Bayside and Gulf side from Craig Key to Halfmoon Shoal out to 5 fathoms, in GM
VTEC# 31 (NEW)
Issued: 11:57 PM
Updated: 11:57 PM
 
AM
Marine Warning (View Text) expires 12:30 AM by MFL (Weinman)
Biscayne Bay, Coastal waters from Deerfield Beach to Ocean Reef FL out 20 NM, in AM
VTEC# 71 (NEW)
Issued: 11:26 PM
Updated: 11:26 PM
 
FL
Flood Advisory (View Text) expires 02:30 AM by MFL (Weinman)
Miami-Dade, Broward, in FL
VTEC# 10 (NEW)
Issued: 11:24 PM
Updated: 11:24 PM
 
GM
PZ
Gale Warning (View Text) expires 11:00 PM by MTR (For more information fro)
Coastal Waters from Point Arena to Point Reyes California out to 10 nm, Coastal Waters from Point Pinos to Point Piedras Blancas California out to 10 nm, in PZ
VTEC# 17 (CON)
Issued: 05:00 PM
Updated: 11:02 PM
 
PZ
Gale Warning (View Text) expires 05:00 AM by MTR (For more information fro)
Waters from Pt. Arena to Pigeon Pt. CA from 10 to 60 nm, in PZ
VTEC# 17 (CON)
Issued: 11:00 PM
Updated: 11:02 PM
 
AM
PZ
KS
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 10:00 AM by TOP ()
Jefferson, Jackson, Pottawatomie, Riley, Clay, Cloud, Brown, Nemaha, Marshall, Washington, Republic, Franklin, Osage, Coffey, Anderson, Lyon, Douglas, Shawnee, Wabaunsee, Morris, Geary, Dickinson, Ottawa, in KS
VTEC# 12 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 PM
Updated: 03:14 PM
 
MO
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 10:00 AM by EAX ()
Livingston, Caldwell, Clinton, Buchanan, Adair, Schuyler, Putnam, Mercer, Harrison, Gentry, Worth, Nodaway, Atchison, Howard, Saline, Lafayette, Jackson, Randolph, Chariton, Carroll, Grundy, Daviess, De Kalb, Andrew, Holt, Sullivan, Henry, Bates, Cooper, Pettis, Johnson, Cass, Ray, Clay, Platte, Macon, Linn, in MO
VTEC# 10 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 PM
Updated: 10:03 PM
 
LS
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 09:00 PM by MQT ()
Grand Marais to Whitefish Point MI, Munising to Grand Marais MI, Marquette to Munising MI, in LS
VTEC# 35 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 PM
Updated: 09:07 PM
 
LO
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by BUF ()
Mexico Bay NY to the St. Lawrence River, Sodus Bay to Mexico Bay NY, in LO
VTEC# 34 (EXT)
Issued: 10:00 PM
Updated: 09:25 PM
 
KS
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 10:00 AM by EAX ()
Johnson, Wyandotte, Leavenworth, Doniphan, Atchison, Linn, Miami, in KS
VTEC# 10 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 PM
Updated: 10:03 PM
 
LO
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 04:00 PM by BUF ()
Hamlin Beach to Sodus Bay NY, Niagara River to Hamlin Beach NY, in LO
VTEC# 34 (EXT)
Issued: 10:00 PM
Updated: 09:25 PM
 
NE
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by GID (Rossi)
Furnas, Harlan, Franklin, Nuckolls, Webster, Thayer, in NE
VTEC# 12 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 PM
Updated: 07:14 PM
 
KS
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by GID ()
Phillips, Jewell, Rooks, Osborne, Smith, Mitchell, in KS
VTEC# 12 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 PM
Updated: 07:14 PM
 
NE
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 09:00 AM by OAX ()
Richardson, Pawnee, Nemaha, Johnson, Gage, Jefferson, in NE
VTEC# 15 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 PM
Updated: 09:16 PM
 
NE
Freeze Warning (View Text) expires 09:00 AM by OAX (Albright)
Richardson, Pawnee, Butler, Saunders, Douglas, Sarpy, Seward, Lancaster, Cass, Otoe, Saline, Gage, Jefferson, Johnson, Nemaha, in NE
VTEC# 3 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 PM
Updated: 09:14 PM
 
IA
Freeze Warning (View Text) expires 09:00 AM by OAX (Albright)
Pottawattamie, Mills, Montgomery, Fremont, Page, in IA
VTEC# 3 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 PM
Updated: 09:14 PM
 
LE
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 04:00 PM by BUF (JLA)
Upper Niagara River and Buffalo Harbor, Ripley to Dunkirk NY, Dunkirk to Buffalo NY, in LE
VTEC# 34 (EXB)
Issued: 09:25 PM
Updated: 09:25 PM
 
AK
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 03:00 PM by AFG ()
Northeastern Brooks Range, in AK
VTEC# 80 (CON)
Issued: 09:00 PM
Updated: 04:53 PM
 
MI
Freeze Warning (View Text) expires 11:00 AM by APX ()
Grand Traverse, Leelanau, Benzie, Manistee, Antrim, in MI
VTEC# 2 (CON)
Issued: 09:00 PM
Updated: 08:00 PM
 
AK
Blizzard Warning (View Text) expires 10:00 PM by AFG ()
Eastern Beaufort Sea Coast, in AK
VTEC# 24 (EXT)
Issued: 09:00 PM
Updated: 04:53 PM
 
CA
Wind Advisory (View Text) expires 05:00 AM by LOX (Gomberg)
Santa Barbara County Mountains, Santa Barbara County South Coast, in CA
VTEC# 50 (NEW)
Issued: 08:27 PM
Updated: 08:27 PM
 
PZ
KS
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by GLD ()
Cheyenne, Sherman, Gove, Graham, Sheridan, Thomas, Norton, Decatur, Rawlins, in KS
VTEC# 9 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 PM
Updated: 11:51 PM
 
CO
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by GLD (Vincent)
Yuma County, Kit Carson County, in CO
VTEC# 9 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 PM
Updated: 11:51 PM
 
CO
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by PUB (Hodanish)
Colorado Springs Vicinity/Southern El Paso County/Rampart Range Below 7400 Ft, in CO
VTEC# 23 (EXT)
Issued: 07:00 PM
Updated: 11:00 PM
 
LS
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by MQT ()
Manitou Island to Point Isabelle MI, Eagle River to Manitou Island MI, in LS
VTEC# 35 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 PM
Updated: 09:07 PM
 
PZ
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by EKA ()
Waters from Pt. St. George to Cape Mendocino CA from 10 to 60 nm, in PZ
VTEC# 47 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 PM
Updated: 10:38 PM
 
LS
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 03:00 PM by MQT ()
Huron Islands to Marquette MI, in LS
VTEC# 36 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 PM
Updated: 09:07 PM
 
LH
LS
Gale Warning (View Text) expires 05:00 AM by APX ()
Whitefish Bay (U.S. Portion)/Whitefish Point to Point Iroquois MI, in LS
VTEC# 12 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 PM
Updated: 08:01 PM
 
NE
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by GLD ()
Red Willow, Hitchcock, Dundy, in NE
VTEC# 9 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 PM
Updated: 11:51 PM
 
PZ
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 11:00 PM by MTR (For more information fro)
Monterey Bay, in PZ
VTEC# 75 (CON)
Issued: 05:00 PM
Updated: 11:02 PM
 
PZ
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 11:00 PM by MTR (For more information fro)
Coastal Waters from Pigeon Point to Point Pinos California out to 10 nm, in PZ
VTEC# 73 (CON)
Issued: 05:00 PM
Updated: 11:02 PM
 
LH
NE
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by LBF (For more information fro)
Chase, Hayes, Frontier, Perkins, in NE
VTEC# 14 (CON)
Issued: 04:00 PM
Updated: 07:06 PM
 
CO
AM
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 AM by MHX ()
Coastal waters from Cape Hatteras to Ocracoke Inlet NC out 20 nm, Coastal waters from Oregon Inlet to Cape Hatteras NC out 20 nm, in AM
VTEC# 44 (CON)
Issued: 04:00 PM
Updated: 08:34 PM
 
CO
CO
PZ
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 11:00 PM by LOX (Hall)
Point Piedras Blancas to Point Sal westward out to 10 NM, in PZ
VTEC# 46 (CON)
Issued: 03:00 PM
Updated: 10:13 PM
 
AM
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 AM by MHX ()
Coastal waters from Currituck Beach Light to Oregon Inlet NC out 20 nm, in AM
VTEC# 44 (EXT)
Issued: 03:00 PM
Updated: 08:34 PM
 
PZ
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 05:00 AM by LOX (Hall)
East Santa Barbara Channel from Pt. Conception to Pt. Mugu including Santa Cruz and Anacapa Islands, in PZ
VTEC# 46 (CON)
Issued: 03:00 PM
Updated: 10:13 PM
 
FL
Rip Currents Statement (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by TBW ()
Coastal Sarasota, Coastal Manatee, Coastal Charlotte, Pinellas, Coastal Lee, Coastal Hillsborough, in FL
VTEC# 15 (NEW)
Issued: 01:22 PM
Updated: 01:22 PM
 
MI
Lakeshore Flood Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 AM by MQT (jp)
Luce, Alger, in MI
VTEC# 10 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 PM
Updated: 05:15 PM
 
LM
Gale Warning (View Text) expires 05:00 AM by APX ()
Seul Choix Point to 5NM West of Mackinac Bridge, Norwood MI to 5NM West of Mackinac Bridge including Little Traverse Bay, in LM
VTEC# 12 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 PM
Updated: 08:01 PM
 
LM
LS
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 11:00 AM by MQT (JAW)
Upper Entrance of Portage Canal to Eagle River MI, in LS
VTEC# 35 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 PM
Updated: 09:07 PM
 
PZ
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 11:00 AM by EKA ()
Coastal waters from Cape Mendocino to Pt. Arena CA out 10 nm, in PZ
VTEC# 47 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 PM
Updated: 10:38 PM
 
SD
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by UNR ()
Central Black Hills, Northern Black Hills, in SD
VTEC# 10 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 PM
Updated: 06:50 PM
 
WY
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by UNR ()
Wyoming Black Hills, in WY
VTEC# 10 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 PM
Updated: 06:50 PM
 
TX
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 01:00 AM by SHV (15)
Houston, Anderson, Cherokee, in TX
VTEC# 42 (EXT)
Issued: 11:24 AM
Updated: 08:54 PM
 
WY
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 02:00 AM by CYS ()
Central Laramie County, South Laramie Range Foothills, East Laramie County, in WY
VTEC# 29 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 AM
Updated: 11:46 PM
 
LS
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 04:00 PM by APX ()
St. Marys River Point Iroquois to E. Potagannissing Bay, in LS
VTEC# 46 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 AM
Updated: 08:01 PM
 
NE
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 02:00 AM by CYS ()
Kimball, Banner, in NE
VTEC# 29 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 AM
Updated: 11:46 PM
 
LH
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 05:00 AM by APX ()
Sturgeon Pt to Alabaster MI, Presque Isle Light to Sturgeon Pt MI Including Thunder Bay National Marine Sanctuary, in LH
VTEC# 46 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 AM
Updated: 08:01 PM
 
WY
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 12:00 AM by CYS ()
North Snowy Range Foothills, Laramie Valley, Snowy Range, in WY
VTEC# 29 (EXP)
Issued: 10:00 AM
Updated: 11:46 PM
 
WY
Winter Storm Warning (View Text) expires 04:00 AM by CYS (Brothers)
South Laramie Range, in WY
VTEC# 12 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 AM
Updated: 11:46 PM
 
LM
LM
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 04:00 AM by GRR ()
Pentwater to Manistee MI, Grand Haven to Whitehall MI, South Haven to Holland MI, Whitehall to Pentwater MI, Holland to Grand Haven MI, in LM
VTEC# 35 (CON)
Issued: 06:00 AM
Updated: 08:03 PM
 
LM
PZ
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 05:00 AM by MTR (For more information fro)
Waters from Pigeon Pt. to Pt. Piedras Blancas CA from 10 to 60 nm, in PZ
VTEC# 74 (CON)
Issued: 05:00 AM
Updated: 11:02 PM
 
LM
PZ
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 05:00 AM by MTR (For more information fro)
Coastal Waters from Point Reyes to Pigeon Point California out to 10 nm, in PZ
VTEC# 73 (CON)
Issued: 11:00 PM
Updated: 11:02 PM
 
LS
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by MQT ()
Ontonagon to Upper Entrance of Portage Canal MI, Black River To Ontonagon MI, in LS
VTEC# 35 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 PM
Updated: 09:07 PM
 
PZ
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by EKA ()
Waters from Cape Mendocino to Pt. Arena CA from 10 to 60 nm, in PZ
VTEC# 47 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 PM
Updated: 10:38 PM
 
PM
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 02:00 PM by GUM (Stanko)
Guam Coastal Waters, Tinian Coastal Waters, Rota Coastal Waters, Saipan Coastal Waters, in PM
VTEC# 5 (CON)
Issued: 05:00 PM
Updated: 03:49 PM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by LCH (APD)
Rapides, in LA
VTEC# 140 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 PM
Updated: 09:30 PM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 09:30 PM by LCH (APD)
Calcasieu, in LA
VTEC# 139 (CON)
Issued: 11:55 AM
Updated: 09:30 PM
 
TX
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by SHV (13)
Wood, Smith, in TX
VTEC# 39 (EXT)
Issued: 07:00 AM
Updated: 08:52 PM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 09:30 PM by LCH (APD)
Jefferson Davis, Vermilion, Acadia, in LA
VTEC# 138 (CON)
Issued: 11:31 AM
Updated: 09:30 PM
 
MS
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 08:30 AM by JAN (19)
Marion, in MS
VTEC# 63 (EXT)
Issued: 10:00 AM
Updated: 08:18 PM
 
MS
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 01:00 AM by JAN (19)
Lawrence, in MS
VTEC# 62 (EXT)
Issued: 10:00 AM
Updated: 08:18 PM
 
GU
High Surf Advisory (View Text) expires 04:00 PM by GUM (Ziobro)
Saipan, Rota, Tinian, Guam, in GU
VTEC# 7 (CON)
Issued: 07:36 PM
Updated: 03:49 PM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 03:24 PM by LIX (JFL)
Ascension, Livingston, in LA
VTEC# 90 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 PM
Updated: 07:42 PM
 
MN
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by DLH (Ayd)
Crow Wing, Aitkin, in MN
VTEC# 1 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 AM
Updated: 07:24 PM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 04:40 PM by LIX (JFL)
Livingston, Ascension, in LA
VTEC# 89 (CON)
Issued: 10:04 AM
Updated: 07:42 PM
 
MS
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by LIX (JFL)
Jackson, in MS
VTEC# 76 (EXT)
Issued: 07:00 AM
Updated: 07:37 PM
 
MS
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 04:00 AM by MOB (JEH)
Greene, Jackson, George, in MS
VTEC# 30 (EXT)
Issued: 01:00 AM
Updated: 07:33 AM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by LCH (Mogged)
Vermilion, St. Martin, Lafayette, in LA
VTEC# 127 (CON)
Issued: 09:34 AM
Updated: 09:30 PM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by LCH (Mogged)
Calcasieu, in LA
VTEC# 128 (CON)
Issued: 09:34 AM
Updated: 09:30 PM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by LCH (Landreneau)
St. Landry, Evangeline, Acadia, in LA
VTEC# 126 (CON)
Issued: 02:12 AM
Updated: 09:30 PM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by LIX ()
East Baton Rouge, in LA
VTEC# 71 (CON)
Issued: 05:17 AM
Updated: 07:42 PM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by LIX (JFL)
St. Tammany, in LA
VTEC# 58 (CON)
Issued: 02:00 AM
Updated: 07:46 PM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 09:00 PM by LIX (JFL)
St. Tammany, in LA
VTEC# 61 (CON)
Issued: 12:10 PM
Updated: 07:45 PM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by LIX ()
Tangipahoa, in LA
VTEC# 53 (CON)
Issued: 11:22 AM
Updated: 07:44 PM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 01:00 AM by LIX ()
Ascension, in LA
VTEC# 55 (CON)
Issued: 10:10 AM
Updated: 07:53 PM
 
AL
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 08:25 PM by MOB ()
Washington, Choctaw, Clarke, in AL
VTEC# 28 (NEW)
Issued: 08:25 PM
Updated: 08:25 PM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 09:30 PM by LCH (Denson)
St. Martin, St. Mary, in LA
VTEC# 120 (CON)
Issued: 08:23 PM
Updated: 09:30 PM
 
TN
Flood Advisory (View Text) expires 06:06 PM by OHX (Barnwell)
Wilson, Sumner, in TN
VTEC# 74 (NEW)
Issued: 06:06 PM
Updated: 06:06 PM
 
TN
Flood Advisory (View Text) expires 03:55 PM by OHX (Barnwell)
Sumner, Wilson, in TN
VTEC# 70 (NEW)
Issued: 03:55 PM
Updated: 03:55 PM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 07:50 PM by LIX (JFL)
St. Tammany, in LA
VTEC# 37 (CON)
Issued: 08:40 PM
Updated: 07:50 PM
 
MS
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 07:50 PM by LIX (JFL)
Hancock, Pearl River, in MS
VTEC# 37 (CON)
Issued: 08:40 PM
Updated: 07:50 PM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 10:00 PM by LIX (JFL)
West Baton Rouge, East Baton Rouge, in LA
VTEC# 46 (CON)
Issued: 08:23 PM
Updated: 07:53 PM
 
MS
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 07:50 PM by LIX (GP)
Pearl River, Hancock, in MS
VTEC# 32 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 AM
Updated: 07:50 PM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 07:50 PM by LIX (GP)
St. Tammany, Washington, in LA
VTEC# 32 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 AM
Updated: 07:50 PM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 01:00 AM by SHV (08)
Webster, in LA
VTEC# 35 (EXT)
Issued: 07:00 AM
Updated: 08:51 PM
 
AR
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 01:00 AM by SHV (08)
Columbia, in AR
VTEC# 35 (EXT)
Issued: 07:00 AM
Updated: 08:51 PM
 
SC
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 01:00 AM by CHS ()
Berkeley, Georgetown, Williamsburg, in SC
VTEC# 17 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 PM
Updated: 08:08 PM
 
TN
Flood Advisory (View Text) expires 09:27 AM by OHX (07)
Hardin, Decatur, in TN
VTEC# 33 (CON)
Issued: 04:22 PM
Updated: 09:27 AM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 01:00 AM by JAN (2)
Concordia, in LA
VTEC# 11 (EXT)
Issued: 11:33 AM
Updated: 08:40 PM
 
MS
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 01:00 AM by JAN (2)
Wilkinson, Adams, in MS
VTEC# 11 (EXT)
Issued: 11:33 AM
Updated: 08:40 PM
 
AR
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by LZK (65)
Arkansas, Monroe, in AR
VTEC# 182 (CON)
Issued: 10:52 AM
Updated: 07:58 PM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 01:00 AM by LIX (JFL)
West Feliciana, Pointe Coupee, East Baton Rouge, in LA
VTEC# 31 (CON)
Issued: 12:50 PM
Updated: 07:53 PM
 
AR
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 07:58 PM by LZK (65)
White, Woodruff, in AR
VTEC# 177 (CON)
Issued: 10:40 AM
Updated: 07:58 PM
 
AR
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by SHV (08)
Union, Ashley, in AR
VTEC# 19 (EXT)
Issued: 10:40 AM
Updated: 08:53 PM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 08:52 PM by SHV (08)
Webster, Bossier, in LA
VTEC# 24 (CON)
Issued: 10:30 AM
Updated: 08:52 PM
 
Download GIS shapefile of current warnings and/or GeoTiff of NEXRAD base reflectivity.

Notes:

  • This application is educational grade and should not be used operationally.
  • Flash Flood Warnings (FFW) do not have VTEC IDs, so those columns are blank for FFWs.
  • The status column is simply the status of the warning. The warning is in 'NEW' state until a SVS is issued, then it goes to 'CON' for continued.
  • Warnings identified by WFO are available after 29 Aug 2004.
  • NEXRAD composite is available since 1 Aug 2003.
  • Prior to the NWS adoption of VTEC, warnings were not expired nor canceled.
  • SVS updates were added in 2005.
  • LSR archive begins 1 Jan 2004.
  • Archive of watches begins 1 Jan 1997.