Warnings Valid at: 02 Dec 2020 02:29 PM CDT
GM
Marine Warning (View Text) expires 03:15 PM by HGX ()
Waters from High Island to Freeport TX from 20 to 60 NM, in GM
VTEC# 95 (NEW)
Issued: 02:27 PM
Updated: 02:27 PM
 
GM
Marine Warning (View Text) expires 03:30 PM by HGX ()
Waters from High Island to Freeport TX from 20 to 60 NM, Waters from Freeport to Matagorda Ship Channel TX from 20 to 60 NM, in GM
VTEC# 94 (NEW)
Issued: 02:25 PM
Updated: 02:25 PM
 
GM
Marine Warning (View Text) expires 03:00 PM by HGX ()
Waters from High Island to Freeport TX from 20 to 60 NM, in GM
VTEC# 93 (NEW)
Issued: 01:53 PM
Updated: 01:53 PM
 
GM
Marine Warning (View Text) expires 02:45 PM by HGX ()
Coastal waters from Freeport to Matagorda Ship Channel TX out 20 NM, Waters from Freeport to Matagorda Ship Channel TX from 20 to 60 NM, in GM
VTEC# 92 (NEW)
Issued: 01:37 PM
Updated: 01:37 PM
 
GM
Marine Warning (View Text) expires 02:30 PM by HGX ()
Waters from High Island to Freeport TX from 20 to 60 NM, Waters from Freeport to Matagorda Ship Channel TX from 20 to 60 NM, in GM
VTEC# 91 (NEW)
Issued: 01:36 PM
Updated: 01:36 PM
 
MT
Air Stagnation Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by MSO ()
Missoula/Bitterroot Valleys, in MT
VTEC# 2 (EXA)
Issued: 01:17 PM
Updated: 01:17 PM
 
WA
Air Stagnation Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by OTX ()
Moses Lake Area, Upper Columbia Basin, Spokane Area, in WA
VTEC# 3 (EXB)
Issued: 01:13 PM
Updated: 01:13 PM
 
ID
Air Stagnation Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by OTX ()
Central Panhandle Mountains, Idaho Palouse, Northern Panhandle, Coeur d Alene Area, in ID
VTEC# 3 (EXB)
Issued: 01:13 PM
Updated: 01:13 PM
 
KS
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by DDC ()
Grant, Gray, Haskell, Stevens, Edwards, Morton, Finney, Pratt, Kiowa, Ford, Stafford, Pawnee, Hodgeman, Seward, in KS
VTEC# 17 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 PM
Updated: 09:23 AM
 
GM
LS
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by MQT ()
Black River To Ontonagon MI, in LS
VTEC# 155 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 PM
Updated: 10:21 AM
 
LS
LS
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 AM by MQT ()
Ontonagon to Upper Entrance of Portage Canal MI, Upper Entrance of Portage Canal to Eagle River MI, in LS
VTEC# 155 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 PM
Updated: 10:21 AM
 
LS
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 AM by MQT ()
Eagle River to Manitou Island MI, Munising to Grand Marais MI, Grand Marais to Whitefish Point MI, in LS
VTEC# 154 (CON)
Issued: 11:00 AM
Updated: 10:21 AM
 
GM
CA
Beach Hazard Statement (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by MTR (DRP)
Southern Monterey Bay and Big Sur Coast, San Fransisco Peninsula Coast, Coastal North Bay Including Point Reyes National Seashore, San Francisco, in CA
VTEC# 12 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 PM
Updated: 12:31 PM
 
OK
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by OUN ()
Beckham, Canadian, Caddo, Washita, Kingfisher, in OK
VTEC# 11 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 PM
Updated: 11:49 AM
 
KS
Winter Storm Warning (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by DDC ()
Barber, Comanche, Clark, in KS
VTEC# 2 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 PM
Updated: 09:23 AM
 
OK
Winter Storm Warning (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by OUN ()
Custer, Garfield, Grant, Blaine, Woods, Dewey, Ellis, Major, Roger Mills, Woodward, Alfalfa, Harper, in OK
VTEC# 3 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 AM
Updated: 11:49 AM
 
KS
Winter Storm Warning (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by DDC ()
Meade, in KS
VTEC# 2 (EXA)
Issued: 01:00 PM
Updated: 09:23 AM
 
KS
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by ICT (Ketcham)
Barton, Harper, Kingman, Harvey, Reno, McPherson, Marion, Ellsworth, Rice, in KS
VTEC# 18 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 PM
Updated: 07:26 AM
 
KS
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by DDC ()
Kearny, Hamilton, Stanton, in KS
VTEC# 17 (EXA)
Issued: 01:00 PM
Updated: 09:23 AM
 
AK
Flood Advisory (View Text) expires 04:00 AM by AJK (CM)
Glacier Bay, in AK
VTEC# 17 (NEW)
Issued: 11:57 AM
Updated: 11:52 AM
 
LA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 01:00 AM by LCH ()
Rapides, in LA
VTEC# 94 (NEW)
Issued: 11:53 AM
Updated: 11:53 AM
 
HI
High Surf Advisory (View Text) expires 11:00 PM by HFO (Morrison)
Kona, in HI
VTEC# 35 (CON)
Issued: 11:00 AM
Updated: 08:12 AM
 
TX
Wind Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by LCH ()
Orange, Jefferson, in TX
VTEC# 17 (CON)
Issued: 11:00 AM
Updated: 04:22 AM
 
LA
Wind Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by LCH ()
Acadia, Calcasieu, Jefferson Davis, Lafayette, Upper St. Martin, Vermilion, Iberia, St. Mary, Lower St. Martin, West Cameron, East Cameron, in LA
VTEC# 17 (CON)
Issued: 11:00 AM
Updated: 04:22 AM
 
AZ
Lake Wind Advisory (View Text) expires 11:00 PM by VEF (For more information fro)
Lake Havasu and Fort Mohave, Lake Mead National Recreation Area, in AZ
VTEC# 15 (NEW)
Issued: 11:00 AM
Updated: 03:49 AM
 
CA
Lake Wind Advisory (View Text) expires 11:00 PM by VEF (For more information fro)
San Bernardino County-Upper Colorado River Valley, in CA
VTEC# 15 (NEW)
Issued: 11:00 AM
Updated: 03:49 AM
 
NV
Lake Wind Advisory (View Text) expires 11:00 PM by VEF (For more information fro)
Lake Mead National Recreation Area, in NV
VTEC# 15 (NEW)
Issued: 11:00 AM
Updated: 03:49 AM
 
LH
TX
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by AMA ()
Oldham, in TX
VTEC# 14 (EXA)
Issued: 10:34 AM
Updated: 10:34 AM
 
TX
Winter Storm Warning (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by AMA ()
Lipscomb, Ochiltree, Hemphill, in TX
VTEC# 3 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 AM
Updated: 10:34 AM
 
OK
Winter Storm Warning (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by AMA ()
Beaver, in OK
VTEC# 3 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 AM
Updated: 10:34 AM
 
OK
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by AMA ()
Texas, Cimarron, in OK
VTEC# 14 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 AM
Updated: 10:34 AM
 
TX
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by AMA ()
Wheeler, Gray, Carson, Potter, Roberts, Hutchinson, Moore, Hansford, Sherman, in TX
VTEC# 14 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 AM
Updated: 10:34 AM
 
UT
Wind Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by SLC (For more information fro)
Northern Wasatch Front, in UT
VTEC# 25 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 AM
Updated: 04:09 AM
 
GU
Flood Advisory (View Text) expires 02:45 PM by GUM (mgm)
Guam, in GU
VTEC# 32 (NEW)
Issued: 09:56 AM
Updated: 09:56 AM
 
LH
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 04:00 PM by DTX ()
Port Sanilac to Port Huron MI, Harbor Beach to Port Sanilac MI, in LH
VTEC# 84 (EXB)
Issued: 07:52 AM
Updated: 07:52 AM
 
LH
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 04:00 PM by DTX ()
Port Austin to Harbor Beach MI, in LH
VTEC# 84 (EXB)
Issued: 07:52 AM
Updated: 07:52 AM
 
OR
Beach Hazard Statement (View Text) expires 11:00 AM by MFR (Visit us at https://www.)
Curry County Coast, South Central Oregon Coast, in OR
VTEC# 11 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 AM
Updated: 06:41 AM
 
AN
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 06:00 PM by LWX ()
Tidal Potomac from Key Bridge to Indian Head MD, Tidal Potomac from Indian Head to Cobb Island MD, in AN
VTEC# 196 (CON)
Issued: 01:01 AM
Updated: 02:18 PM
 
GM
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by LCH ()
Vermilion Bay, in GM
VTEC# 42 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 AM
Updated: 04:02 AM
 
LO
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 10:00 PM by BUF (Hitchcock)
Lower Niagara River, in LO
VTEC# 118 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 AM
Updated: 12:41 PM
 
LE
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 10:00 PM by BUF (Hitchcock)
Upper Niagara River and Buffalo Harbor, in LE
VTEC# 118 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 AM
Updated: 12:41 PM
 
SC
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 10:25 PM by CAE (LCV)
Calhoun, Richland, in SC
VTEC# 82 (EXT)
Issued: 07:00 AM
Updated: 10:24 AM
 
PZ
CO
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 04:00 PM by PUB ()
Las Animas Vicinity/Bent County, Eastern Las Animas County, Lamar Vicinity/Prowers County, in CO
VTEC# 33 (CON)
Issued: 05:10 AM
Updated: 02:08 PM
 
CO
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 AM by PUB ()
Springfield Vicinity/Baca County, in CO
VTEC# 33 (EXT)
Issued: 05:10 AM
Updated: 02:08 PM
 
GM
SC
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 09:34 PM by CAE (LCV)
Richland, Lexington, Calhoun, in SC
VTEC# 81 (EXT)
Issued: 03:46 AM
Updated: 10:24 AM
 
LH
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 04:00 PM by DTX ()
Outer Saginaw Bay SW of Alabaster to Port Austin MI to Inner Saginaw Bay, in LH
VTEC# 84 (EXT)
Issued: 03:18 AM
Updated: 07:52 AM
 
LH
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 11:00 PM by APX ()
St Ignace to False Detour Channel, Sturgeon Pt to Alabaster MI, Straits of Mackinac within 5 nm of Mackinac Bridge including Mackinac Island, in LH
VTEC# 124 (CON)
Issued: 10:48 AM
Updated: 10:56 AM
 
CA
Wind Advisory (View Text) expires 06:00 PM by LOX (Hall)
Ventura County Coastal Valleys, Ventura County Interior Valleys, Los Angeles County San Fernando Valley, in CA
VTEC# 77 (EXT)
Issued: 03:00 AM
Updated: 12:47 PM
 
CA
Wind Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 AM by LOX (Hall)
Santa Clarita Valley, Santa Monica Mountains Recreational Area, Ventura County Mountains, Los Angeles County Mountains excluding the Santa Monica Range, in CA
VTEC# 77 (EXT)
Issued: 01:00 AM
Updated: 12:47 PM
 
ID
Air Stagnation Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by BOI ()
West Central Mountains, Boise Mountains, Upper Weiser River, Camas Prairie, Western Magic Valley, Upper Treasure Valley, Lower Treasure Valley, in ID
VTEC# 1 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 AM
Updated: 08:51 AM
 
OR
WA
Air Stagnation Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by OTX ()
Wenatchee Area, East Slopes Northern Cascades, Okanogan Valley, Waterville Plateau, Northeast Mountains, Okanogan Highlands, in WA
VTEC# 3 (EXT)
Issued: 01:00 AM
Updated: 01:13 PM
 
WA
Wind Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by PQR (For more information fro)
Greater Vancouver Area, in WA
VTEC# 6 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 AM
Updated: 12:50 PM
 
OR
Wind Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by PQR (For more information fro)
Greater Portland Metro Area, in OR
VTEC# 6 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 AM
Updated: 12:50 PM
 
OR
Air Stagnation Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by BOI ()
Baker County, Harney County, Malheur County, Oregon Lower Treasure Valley, in OR
VTEC# 1 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 AM
Updated: 08:51 AM
 
ID
Air Stagnation Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by OTX ()
Lewis and Southern Nez Perce Counties, Lewiston Area, in ID
VTEC# 3 (EXT)
Issued: 01:00 AM
Updated: 01:13 PM
 
ID
Air Stagnation Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by MSO ()
Western Lemhi County, Eastern Lemhi County, Northern Clearwater Mountains, Southern Clearwater Mountains, Orofino/Grangeville Region, Lower Hells Canyon/Salmon River Region, in ID
VTEC# 2 (EXT)
Issued: 01:00 AM
Updated: 01:17 PM
 
WA
Air Stagnation Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by PQR (For more information fro)
Central Columbia River Gorge, South Washington Cascade Foothills, Willapa Hills, Lower Columbia and I - 5 Corridor in Cowlitz County, in WA
VTEC# 2 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 AM
Updated: 12:50 PM
 
OR
WA
Air Stagnation Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by PDT (For more information fro)
Kittitas Valley, Yakima Valley, Lower Columbia Basin of Washington, Foothills of the Blue Mountains of Washington, East Slopes of the Washington Cascades, Simcoe Highlands, in WA
VTEC# 3 (EXT)
Issued: 01:00 AM
Updated: 01:00 PM
 
OR
MT
Air Stagnation Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by MSO ()
Potomac/Seeley Lake Region, Kootenai/Cabinet Region, in MT
VTEC# 2 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 AM
Updated: 01:17 PM
 
WA
Air Stagnation Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by PDT (For more information fro)
Eastern Columbia River Gorge of Washington, in WA
VTEC# 3 (CON)
Issued: 01:00 AM
Updated: 01:00 PM
 
AK
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 05:00 PM by AJK (!Bezenek)
Juneau Borough and Northern Admiralty Island, in AK
VTEC# 6 (CON)
Issued: 12:08 AM
Updated: 09:21 AM
 
GM
PH
AK
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 10:00 AM by AFG ()
Upper Koyukuk Valley, Southeastern Brooks Range, in AK
VTEC# 104 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 PM
Updated: 07:23 AM
 
AK
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 10:00 AM by AFG ()
Upper Kobuk and Noatak Valleys, in AK
VTEC# 103 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 PM
Updated: 07:20 AM
 
SC
Flood Advisory (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by CAE (LCV)
Lexington, Richland, in SC
VTEC# 32 (EXT)
Issued: 09:42 PM
Updated: 10:24 AM
 
AK
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 05:00 AM by AFC (http://www.weather.gov/a)
Susitna Valley, in AK
VTEC# 41 (EXT)
Issued: 08:01 PM
Updated: 08:29 AM
 
NY
Winter Weather Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by BUF (TMA)
Jefferson, Lewis, Oswego, in NY
VTEC# 24 (CON)
Issued: 08:00 PM
Updated: 12:43 PM
 
AK
Wind Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by AFG ()
Eastern Alaska Range, in AK
VTEC# 31 (CON)
Issued: 06:57 PM
Updated: 07:19 AM
 
LO
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 06:00 PM by BUF ()
Niagara River to Hamlin Beach NY, Sodus Bay to Mexico Bay NY, Hamlin Beach to Sodus Bay NY, Mexico Bay NY to the St. Lawrence River, in LO
VTEC# 118 (CON)
Issued: 06:00 PM
Updated: 12:41 PM
 
AN
HI
High Surf Warning (View Text) expires 11:00 PM by HFO (Morrison)
Kauai Leeward, Kauai Windward, Windward Haleakala, Maui Windward West, Molokai Windward, Oahu Koolau, Oahu North Shore, Waianae Coast, Molokai Leeward, Niihau, Maui Central Valley, in HI
VTEC# 8 (CON)
Issued: 05:00 PM
Updated: 08:12 AM
 
ME
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by GYX (Tubbs)
Kennebec, in ME
VTEC# 17 (CON)
Issued: 04:30 PM
Updated: 10:18 AM
 
AN
MS
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by MOB ()
Wayne, Greene, George, in MS
VTEC# 97 (EXT)
Issued: 03:00 PM
Updated: 11:32 AM
 
LM
LS
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 11:00 PM by APX ()
St. Marys River Point Iroquois to E. Potagannissing Bay, Whitefish Bay (U.S. Portion)/Whitefish Point to Point Iroquois MI, in LS
VTEC# 124 (CON)
Issued: 10:48 AM
Updated: 10:56 AM
 
AN
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 12:00 AM by OKX (For more details, see th)
South Shore Bays from Jones Inlet through Shinnecock Bay , Long Island Sound West of New Haven CT/Port Jefferson NY, New York Harbor, in AN
VTEC# 109 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 AM
Updated: 03:25 AM
 
AN
AN
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 08:00 PM by LWX ()
Chesapeake Bay north of Pooles Island MD, Patapsco River including Baltimore Harbor, in AN
VTEC# 195 (CON)
Issued: 07:07 AM
Updated: 02:18 PM
 
AN
AN
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by BOX ()
Nantucket Sound, Cape Cod Bay, Massachusetts Bay and Ipswich Bay, Rhode Island Sound, Buzzards Bay, Vineyard Sound, Block Island Sound, in AN
VTEC# 134 (CON)
Issued: 04:20 AM
Updated: 10:23 AM
 
VA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 01:29 AM by RNK (KK)
Halifax, in VA
VTEC# 78 (CON)
Issued: 04:00 AM
Updated: 10:40 AM
 
AK
Winter Storm Warning (View Text) expires 10:00 PM by AJK (http://www.weather.gov/j)
Taiya Inlet and Klondike Highway, in AK
VTEC# 27 (EXT)
Issued: 01:00 AM
Updated: 09:24 AM
 
AN
AN
AN
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 10:00 PM by AKQ ()
Coastal waters from Chincoteague to Parramore Island VA out 20 nm, Coastal waters from Fenwick Island DE to Chincoteague VA out 20 nm, in AN
VTEC# 111 (CON)
Issued: 06:54 PM
Updated: 09:41 AM
 
AN
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 07:00 PM by AKQ (Butner)
Chesapeake Bay from Smith Point to Windmill Point VA, in AN
VTEC# 111 (CON)
Issued: 05:00 PM
Updated: 09:41 AM
 
AN
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 10:00 PM by PHI ()
Delaware Bay waters south of East Point NJ to Slaughter Beach DE, Delaware Bay waters north of East Point NJ to Slaughter Beach DE, in AN
VTEC# 93 (CON)
Issued: 04:00 PM
Updated: 02:44 AM
 
LE
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 06:00 PM by BUF (JLA)
Ripley to Dunkirk NY, Dunkirk to Buffalo NY, in LE
VTEC# 118 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 AM
Updated: 12:41 PM
 
LE
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 10:00 PM by CLE (For more information fro)
Geneva-on-the-Lake to Conneaut OH, Willowick to Geneva-on-the Lake OH, Conneaut OH to Ripley NY, in LE
VTEC# 98 (CON)
Issued: 10:00 AM
Updated: 09:39 AM
 
LE
Small Craft Advisory (View Text) expires 04:00 PM by CLE (For more information fro)
The Islands to Vermilion OH, Avon Point to Willowick OH, Vermilion to Avon Point OH, in LE
VTEC# 98 (CON)
Issued: 09:00 AM
Updated: 09:39 AM
 
AK
Flood Advisory (View Text) expires 08:30 PM by AFC (Markle)
Western Prince William Sound, in AK
VTEC# 9 (EXT)
Issued: 10:52 PM
Updated: 01:35 AM
 
AR
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by LZK (56)
Jackson, Woodruff, in AR
VTEC# 164 (EXT)
Issued: 07:00 PM
Updated: 11:15 AM
 
NC
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 07:00 AM by MHX (CEB)
Martin, in NC
VTEC# 88 (EXT)
Issued: 07:00 AM
Updated: 10:44 AM
 
GU
Rip Currents Statement (View Text) expires 03:00 AM by GUM (BH)
Rota, Guam, Tinian, Saipan, in GU
VTEC# 23 (CON)
Issued: 03:00 AM
Updated: 02:00 PM
 
SC
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 01:00 PM by ILM (RH)
Horry, in SC
VTEC# 84 (EXT)
Issued: 09:12 AM
Updated: 10:51 AM
 
SC
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 10:22 AM by CHS ()
Williamsburg, Berkeley, Georgetown, in SC
VTEC# 44 (CON)
Issued: 07:51 PM
Updated: 10:22 AM
 
GA
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 10:22 AM by CHS ()
Screven, Effingham, in GA
VTEC# 43 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 AM
Updated: 10:22 AM
 
SC
Flood Warning (View Text) expires 10:22 AM by CHS ()
Hampton, Jasper, in SC
VTEC# 43 (CON)
Issued: 07:00 AM
Updated: 10:22 AM
 
Download GIS shapefile of current warnings and/or GeoTiff of NEXRAD base reflectivity.

Notes:

  • This application is educational grade and should not be used operationally.
  • Flash Flood Warnings (FFW) do not have VTEC IDs, so those columns are blank for FFWs.
  • The status column is simply the status of the warning. The warning is in 'NEW' state until a SVS is issued, then it goes to 'CON' for continued.
  • Warnings identified by WFO are available after 29 Aug 2004.
  • NEXRAD composite is available since 1 Aug 2003.
  • Prior to the NWS adoption of VTEC, warnings were not expired nor canceled.
  • SVS updates were added in 2005.
  • LSR archive begins 1 Jan 2004.
  • Archive of watches begins 1 Jan 1997.